200 years of Salzburg in Austria
Salzburg was for about 1100 years a self standing archbistum founded by the first priest, who came in the year 696 – Saint Rupert. It was not always easy to have as the ruler of a wonderful and rich area, where a lot of other monarchs wanted also to have a piece of, a catholic priest. As catholic priest our prince archbishops had also to follow the pope in Rome and not only playing in the political strategies of the empires in Europe during this long period of time.
For the political distance as self standing region they decided in 1606 to vote never a bavarian duke or a part of the Habsburger family as the prince archbishop of Salzburg.
Sometimes we also had two archbishops in town – perhaps you remember also in the history of Rome the had sometime two popes – the against pope. And also the saltmines in the area of the archbishop where a point of interest for some bavarian dukes. Of course, the salt was the white gold in this area, because it is necessary in this area to conserve everything and over all the times there were a big trade around the salt.
One of the worst times arrived in 1803 during the Napoleonic Wars – this french guy really tried to take over the whole continent. He came into Salzburg and took it over.
But also the Habsburger were interested in the former Archbistum Salzburg and so they took over regency of Salzburg and Berchtesgaden (wonderful area within Bavaria) in 1805. The following times were very confusing in this area and then the question of where Salzburg belonged was ultimately determined at the Viennese Congress. On the 1st May 1816 Salzburg became a part of the Austrian Empire.