a fascination of Ice and a cave in the Austrian Alps
This cave is not only a fascinating and big cave but already the way getting there is very interesting. There is a steep road already driving the the parking from where a new designed entrance hall welcomes you and where you can see already some of the nicest crystals that have been found n the area. After that the walk to the cable car takes you either on the side of the mountain with great views or choose to go through a newly constructed tunnel and see structure of the mountain and see the different stone colors. The cable car is one of the steepest in Austria and was used also in the movie “where eagle’s dare” with the old cabins. Due to new regulations a new cable car has been installed and brings you up in safety and faster. After getting out of the cable car a restaurant with typically Austrian specialities and the hike to the entrance of the ice caves. The hike takes about 15 minutes and shows you very scenic and great views down to the Salzach river valley, the village of Werfen and the surrounding mountains. The hike from the valley up to the entrance of the Ice caves takes about 2,5h and is for well-trained hikers. First time, it was hiked was at the beginning of the 19th century when hiking became a new sport. Already in the 15th century relicts show that farmers used this path to bring cows up to the top of the mountain where food and deserted areas helped farmers to make a new living.
The first time the ice caved were discovered was in the second half of the 19th century due to the lack of interest in cave discovery and also due to the very exposed location. In the year 1879 the discoverer Anton Posselt-Czorich went by himself over 600feet into the cave and issued a book about his discovery.
Only in the year 1913 some more discoverer went into the cave. After the first world war the real discovery of the cave, the very long cave system and the possibility to constructing a way for discovering the cave and to make it open for visitors.
The touristic importance was already discovered in the 1920ies with the installation of a hut for people to sleep in and for discovery. Already in 1924 a very big house was constructed and brought for people the possibility to sleep there and do discoveries of the cave.
With the increasing popularity of the cave, better paths and more important installations were made to open it for the public. It is owned by the Austrian forest organization (a state owned company) and a high percentage of the entrance fees is going every year to this organization.
With a continue increase of tourist in the year 1955 a cable car was installed to overcome the steepest and most difficult part of the path and lasted until the year 2010 when a new, more secure and more efficient cable car was installed.